Cathay Williams was born November 15, 1886. She became the first and only black female Buffalo Soldier to enlist and serve in the United States Army. Cathay had to pretend to be a man to enlist into the United States Army, and went by the name William Cathay while enlisted. Cathay Williams’ military career was short lived. She contracted smallpox soon after enlisting, and was frequently hospitalized into the following years. During hospitalization, her gender was discovered. The post surgeon informed her commanding officer that she was a woman. It’s probable she died sometime between 1892 and 1900.
Condoleeza Rice was born November 14, 1954. She is the first black woman to serve as the United States’ National Security Adviser. Rice was also the first black woman to serve as U.S. Secretary of State. Her role became very important after the September 11, 2001 attack on New York City, and the Pentagon in Washington. Rice has played a crucial part in shaping the most aggressive U.S. foreign policy in modern history, with wars launched against Afghanistan and Iraq during her time in office.